Childhood Cancer

The American Cancer Society is deeply committed to finding new answers that will help every child and family affected by cancer.

Four statistics that you should know.
  1. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in children ages 1 to 14.
  2. Cancer is the leading disease-related cause of death for children and adolescents ages 1-19.
  3. Every two minutes, a child or adolescent is diagnosed with cancer worldwide.
  4. Before they turn 20, about 1 in 271 children in the US will have cancer.

Substantial progress has been made against some types of pediatric cancers, boosting survival for those cancers. However, there are still several types of childhood cancer with low survival rates or no known cure.

While cancer is much rarer in children compared to adults, the disease can take a tremendous toll because it strikes so early in life and survivors face extremely high rates of late effects that can last a lifetime.

The American Cancer Society estimates that 11,060 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in American children from birth to age 14 in 2019. In that same age group, 1,190 deaths from childhood cancer are expected to occur in 2019. As ACS is leading and funding childhood cancer research, the mortality rates for cancer in children from birth to age 14 have decreased by more than 66% over the past 40+ years.


Total Childhood Cancer Grants in Effect as of March 1, 2019

Between developing treatments for cancers that still have no effective treatment, and reducing the toxicities and side effects where treatments are successful, much work remains to be done in order to improve the pediatric cancer landscape.